By Hailey Rile, ’12
How did civilizations come to be? Irrigation systems. How have civilizations survived? Water. These are the questions that were discussed by Terje Tvedt, this year’s Wang Symposium’s second keynote speaker. Tvedt addressed the history of water and its relationship to the development of human civilization.
Humans have done one of two things throughout history, Tvedt said. Either they have moved themselves toward the water or have made the water come to them. He spoke of a current project in Egypt, where a new Nile valley is being built. The old Nile valley is overpopulated, so people have decided to pump water from the Nile River over to their newly-created habitat.
“The biggest engineering project in the history of mankind is happening there,” Tvedt said.
Video by Linnea Anderson, ’12
Video by Linnea Anderson, ’12
Video by Linnea Anderson, ’12
By Shawn Gross, ’12
She said that in Colorado, where she is from, they have droughts. Droughts that sometimes require state officials to set limits on the times people can use water.
Even with those limits, PLU junior Briana Frenchmore witnessed people in her community turning on their hoses to water their yards, just to keep the grass green. But not everyone has the privilege of a green lawn, she said.
Frenchmore shared this story at the opening student session of the 2012 Wang Symposium: Our Thirsty Planet. This symposium asked students to share what they’ve learned about water from their studies, research and travels. Although there was no explicit theme other than water, the discussion among the 35 people present often turned to how water is a right, not a commodity.
By Leah Traxel ’14
Walking into the keynote address of the PLU Wang Symposium on water, I never expected to be so scared or inspired. At PLU, a school that prides itself on its attention to social justice issues, we surround ourselves with the ugly truths regarding oppression and injustice. However, no one ever really talks about water, and why would they? Even people who were born and raised in western Washington complain about how much rain there is. Water is everywhere, right?
Barlow presented the expected staggering statistics about the dire situation the world is in and how awful humans are to the planet, but the statistics were more than disturbing. Barlow said the world’s consumption of water is analogous to blindfolded people with straws drinking from a bathtub. We won’t realize how much we’re consuming until it’s all gone, and then what? According to one of her statistics, scientists estimate that the demand for water will exceed supply by 40 percent by the year 2030. In a short 18 years, there might not be enough water to go around.
Along with her statistics, her colorful anecdotes about being arrested, and a quote from J.R.R. Tolkien, Barlow argued for three fundamental changes to the mindset and policies of the world: water has rights beyond being useful to people, nature is a common heritage and public trust, and water is a fundamental human right. That definitely got me thinking. If we don’t start talking about water and the need to preserve it and allocate it more efficiently, we WILL run out. There’s no question about it.
However, on top of this, the scariest part is that no one is talking about it. EVERYONE needs water to survive, but has the topic of water conservation and policy changes to protect it come up in this year’s presidential candidate platforms? The answer is no. The funny thing is that water has become so commoditized and commercialized, that it’s worth LOTS of money to big businesses and investors, but when the water’s gone, how do they plan to spend all their money?
So what are we supposed to do? I guess what humans do best: talk. Talk to your family, friends, neighbors, classmates, co-workers, teachers, bus drivers, significant others, people you meet on the elevator; talk to anyone who will listen because we are all affected by water and we will all pay the price for wasting it. You don’t have to be an expert to be concerned about the future, and you don’t have to have a handful of crazy statistics to turn off the tap when you brush your teeth or take shorter showers, and tell your family to do the same.
Maude Barlow’s accolades and accomplishments have proven what one driven person can do, but to make a lasting difference, we must all become what Barlow calls “water warriors,” because this is a fight in which we all have heavy stakes. So what’s the bottom line? Save our water. Save our world. Who doesn’t want to be part of saving the world?
By George Culver, ’12
Q&A with Suzanne Livingston, Friendly Water for the World
What is your mission?
(Taken from Friendly Water for the World website)The Mission of Friendly Water for the World is to expand access to low-cost clean water technologies and information about health and sanitation to people in need of them. We provide opportunities for Quakers and those of other faiths and traditions to partner with individuals and communities working to improve living conditions around the world, and to learn from each other.
What is a biofilter?
(Taken from Friendly Water for the World website) The Biosand Water Filter is a low-cost, appropriate household technology that can remove 95-99% of bacteria and viruses from the water supply, as well as some metals such as arsenic, iron, and manganese, and worms and cysts. It is a proven method for preventing typhoid, cholera, dysentery, and other waterborne diseases.
How much does it cost to make a filter?
The Raw material cost is about $12. The entire filter takes about $50 to make. Several fundraising methods are adopted to raise the money.
Favorite Quote of the Interview:
Suzanne: “I think it’s God’s way of cleaning water.”
How can PLU students get involved?
Students can find more way to get involved by visiting Friendlywaterfor world.com There are also summer training sessions for students to make bio-water filters.
By Samantha Shockley, ’12
Water — it drips from the sky, it fills up puddles, it covers 75 percent of the earth’s surface. Its boundless power can sustain life and its pollution can eliminate nations. Water is essential to everyone and everything.
As a study abroad student I have tasted dirty water — water that makes you sick. We do not know what it is like to live without clean water in the United States. We turn on the faucet and drink without reservation or fear. Nevertheless, we will understand its limits if we do not act now. That, at least, is the view of the PLU study abroad students during the student session of PLU’s Water Symposium.
By Annie Norling, ’12
“Water, water every where, nor any drop to drink.”
As Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s famous line suggests, humans are soon to be surrounded by water that cannot quench their thirst. Maude Barlow, the keynote speaker for Pacific Lutheran University’s annual Wang Symposium, opened her address on issues of water rights around the world with Coleridge’s words.
At the beginning of the speech, Barlow recognized the students, faculty and staff of PLU live in a water-rich area — an area where rain is a common occurrence, if not a nuisance. It is difficult for those of us who live in the Pacific Northwest to wrap our heads around the idea of a global water crisis. However, as a student who has studied abroad, I have felt the effects of this crisis firsthand.
“We are a planet running out of water… accessible, clean water,” Barlow said.
I experienced the lack of safe drinking water in countries such as Argentina, Mexico and Nicaragua. In Nicaragua, I stayed with a host family where running water was only available for a few hours in the evening — the rest of the day the taps were dry. Even when the pipes held water, it was not safe for me to drink.
By Ted Charles, ’12
“Water loss is imminent.”
Maude Barlow’s opening statements stunned me. Barlow, water rights activist and Chairperson for the Council of Canadians opened this year’s Wang Symposium with a harrowing message: our abuse of fresh water is incalculable and possibly irreversible. Barlow revealed that catastrophes have seemingly passed unnoticed through the media. A torrent of tragedies including the drying up of Lake Chad and the sinking of Mexico City have always been attributed to environmental degradation, but the pieces of the puzzle refused to fit together. Our use of fresh water, to irrigate fields grown in the most inhospitable climates and water the lawns of the most privileged, is irresponsible. Ideas of global warming and the greenhouse effect hint at that water crisis, but we have somehow avoided addressing it until now.